We all know at least a couple of Top 10 lists of security bugs. Probably one of the most famous is the OWASP Top 10. This excellent article argues that these lists have the potential to do more harm then good. Some typical harmful effects could be (and I have witnessed these first hand):
- People judge the quality of their code based on these lists, thereby ignoring that the list is just that: a subset of things to avoid.
- Instead of learning how to write good code, developers learn how to write code that avoids some common errors.
- It does not educate people, new types of security bugs are only avoided when they appear on an updated version of the list.
I do agree with the above linked article, top 10 lists are not as innocent and helpful as they look. But I also have to admit that waving a top 10 list has helped me in the past to sell the idea of secure coding.
There is one argument of the article I would like to highlight. Focusing on lists of security bugs diverts attention from good designs. It is perfectly possible, in fact very likely, to have very sound designs that deliver on all requirements, functional and non-functional but fail miserably when security and risk is taken into consideration. Each time I had the opportunity to analyse a design in terms of its ability to be secure and behave predictable in the face of (partial) failure, I found that all of those designs suffered from serious risks. Risks that have a high impact and a much higher likelyhood of happening compared to hackers invading your network. Statistically it is much more likely that a software component starts to spit out erroneous data to its environment then it is likely that hackers invade your network and delete all your business data. Both have the same impact though. I bet you spend more money on keeping the hackers out then you are spending money to design for failure.
How many architects or developers take into account failure of components? What about partial failure? Does your solution support you in detecting and recover from those failures? Design for failure!